Principles of plant tissue culture technology

This course provides an overview of various in vitro plant cell, tissue, and organ culture techniques and their applications in agriculture, horticulture, industrial biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry. The curriculum includes topics such as laboratory organization, different culture techniques, media components, micropropagation techniques, bioreactors, variations, cryopreservation

In-vitro mutagenesis and germplasm Conservation

Soma-clonal variation; In vitro mutation methods; Micropropagation somatic hybrid and cybrid, Plant regeneration. Germ plasm conservation, production of secondary metabolites; Sources of plant secondary metabolite

Plant Growth and Development:

This course examines the biological processes that drive plant growth and development, such as the development of embryos, cell growth, root and shoot growth, and how plants respond to light and hormones. It also covers how plants process signals from the environment and hormones. The course material includes chapters from a current textbook and scientific articles chosen by the instructor and

Biosafety and Bioethics

This course will cover the concepts of biosafety, bioethics, and biopolicy, as well as best practices for laboratory procedures and standard operating procedures for biotechnology research. It will also examine the legal and institutional framework for biosafety in Egypt and international agreements and protocols related to biosafety.

Intellectual Property Rights

This course aims to provide an overview of the legal aspects of commercializing innovations and patent litigation in Egypt. It covers the basic concepts of Intellectual Property (IP) including the types of IP such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, and IC topologies, as well as proprietary databases. The course also delves into patentability requirements such as novelty, usefulness, and

Cell culture for Medicinal Plants and Biopharmaceuticals

This course dives into the study of plants that possess medicinal properties. It covers the extraction and recognition of chemical compounds from plant parts for use in the pharmaceutical industry. It also touches on the use of transgenic plants for crafting biopharmaceuticals, along with the significance of biopharm and molecular pharming in the production of biotech drugs. Furthermore, the

Plant nutrition and growth regulators

This course will provide students with an understanding of how hormones and the environment can regulate plant growth and development. We'll be exploring the molecular, cellular, and organism-level components which control different stages of plant growth, including embryogenesis, germination, vegetative growth, and reproductive growth


This course is geared towards giving students a comprehensive understanding of entrepreneurs and the concept of entrepreneurship, including its economic implications and historical background. We will learn about the significance of small businesses, the role of entrepreneurship in economic growth, and different types of entrepreneurs. Aspects such as features and types of businesses and